Chinese Journal of Vector Biology and Control ›› 2022, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (4): 471-474.DOI: 10.11853/j.issn.1003.8280.2022.04.005

• Special Topics|Vector Surveillance in Zhejiang Province • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Ability assessment and training demand analysis of vector control practitioners in Zhejiang province,China

GAO Yi1,2, WANG Chui-zhang2, ZHANG Xin-wei2   

  1. 1. Zhejiang Patriotic Health and Development Center, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310006, China;
    2. Zhejiang Province Pest Control Scientific Association (ZJPCA), Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310002, China
  • Received:2022-01-27 Online:2022-08-20 Published:2022-08-12


高奕1,2, 汪垂章2, 张新卫2   

  1. 1. 浙江省爱国卫生发展中心, 浙江 杭州 310006;
    2. 浙江省除四害科技协会, 浙江 杭州 310002
  • 作者简介:高奕,男,主任医师,先后从事疾病预防控制、公共卫生管理、爱国卫生管理和健康浙江建设研究工作,

Abstract: Objective To master the basic theoretical knowledge, on-site disposal, and comprehensive analysis capabilities of practitioners in vector control services in Zhejiang province, China, and to provide a decision-making basis for improving training strategies. Methods Based on a vector control skills competition organized by the Zhejiang Provincial Association for Elimination of the Four Pests with the participation of 45 technicians from 15 AAA-level members of the association, the contestants' mastery of control knowledge was analyzed, and differences in scores between different question types, regions, vector species, and knowledge categories were analyzed. SPSS 17.0 software was used for difference comparison and variance analysis. Results After standardized by a 100-point conversion, the average score of all contestants was 51.15 points, with the highest score of 72.00 points and the lowest score of 27.83 points. According to three different rounds of discriminatory judgment questions, field practical questions, and comprehensive analysis questions, the scores in the first round showed significant differences from those in the second round (F=9.789, P=0.003) and in the third round (F=11.768, P=0.001). There were no significant differences in scores between different regions (F=0.310, P=0.735). In the analysis of vector species, the scoring rates in the knowledge about rodents, mosquitoes, multiple vectors, and cockroaches decreased in turn. Except for mosquitoes and rats, cockroaches and multiple vectors, there were statistically significant differences between the scores of other vectors (all P<0.5). In the analysis of 7 knowledge categories, the contestants' mastery of basic knowledge and organizational management knowledge was significantly higher than that of 5 other knowledge categories such as insect species identification and on-site disposal (all P<0.5). Conclusion Practitioners in vector control services in Zhejiang province have overall low professional skills, insufficient coverage of knowledge categories, uneven mastery level, and weak spots in some knowledge categories, especially the identification of insect species, on-site disposal, and monitoring and evaluation. It is necessary to do a good job in training the basic knowledge of practitioners in a targeted manner, and to highlight the training of skills such as on-site practical operation and comprehensive analysis.

Key words: Vector control services, Skill competition, Analysis and assessment, Training demand

摘要: 目的 了解浙江省病媒生物防制服务机构从业人员基础理论知识、现场处置和综合分析能力,为改进培训策略提供决策依据。方法 以浙江省除四害科技协会组织的15家AAA级团体会员单位45名技术人员参加的一期病媒生物技能竞赛为基础素材,分析参赛选手防制知识掌握情况,分析不同题型、地区、病媒种类和知识类别之间得分差异。使用SPSS 17.0软件进行差异比较、方差分析等处理。结果 按100分换算标化,所有参赛选手平均成绩为51.15分,最高72.00分,最低27.83分。按甄别判断题、实践操作题和综合分析题3个不同轮次,第1轮与第2轮、第1轮与第3轮得分差异有统计学意义(F=9.789,P=0.003;F=11.768,P=0.001),不同地区得分差异无统计学意义(F=0.310,P=0.735)。按病媒种类分析,鼠、蚊、综合和蜚蠊相关知识得分率依次降低,除蚊与鼠、蜚蠊与综合外,其他病媒类别知识间得分率差异均有统计学意义(均P<0.05)。按7种知识类别进行分析,参赛选手对基础知识和组织管理知识的掌握明显高于虫种鉴定、现场处置等5种其他知识类别(均P<0.05)。结论 浙江省病媒生物防制服务机构从业人员专业技能总体水平不高,知识类别覆盖面不足、掌握程度差异较大,部分知识类别尤其是虫种鉴定、现场处置、监测评价等相对较弱,需要有针对性地做好从业人员基础知识培训,同时突出加强现场实践操作和综合分析等技能培养。

关键词: 病媒生物防制服务机构, 技能竞赛, 分析评估, 培训需求

CLC Number: