Chines Journal of Vector Biology and Control ›› 2014, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (3): 273-274.DOI: 10.11853/j.issn.1003.4692.2014.03.021

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Preliminary study on rodent control in different forest stands of Manhan Mountain Forest Farm in Inner Mongolia, China

HUANG Ying1, CHA Mu-ha2, WU Xiao-dong2   

  1. 1 National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China;
    2 College of Ecology and Environmental Science, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot 010019, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China
  • Received:2013-12-30 Online:2014-06-20 Published:2014-06-20
  • Contact: WU Xiao-dong, Email:


黄英1, 查木哈2, 武晓东2   

  1. 1 中国疾病预防控制中心传染病预防控制所, 北京 102206;
    2 内蒙古农业大学生态环境学院, 呼和浩特 010019
  • 通讯作者: 武晓东, Email:
  • 作者简介:黄英, 女, 博士, 从事媒介生物学及防治研究。


Objective To investigate differentiated rodent control standards based on difference between new afforestation and secondary forest in north China. Methods In each of secondary forest and new afforestation in the Manhan Mountain Forest Farm, 3 sample areas and 3 control areas were selected. In the sample areas, a three?day investigation was performed using poison bait box, followed by live trap capture for four days. Capture rate was calculated accordingly. In the control areas, community composition and quantity of rodents were investigated. Control efficacy was evaluated according to the changes in capture rate after deratization. Results Cricetulus longicaudatus was the predominant species in the new afforestation of Manhan Mountain. Apodemus speciosus was the predominant species in the secondary forest. With the use of PVC box containing type C botulinum toxin as poison bait, the population density of rats in sample areas was significantly decreased as compared with that in control areas (F=6.46, P<0.05). Conclusion Type C botulinum toxin shows good palatability and rodent control efficacy in the new afforestation and secondary forest, and it can be widely used in the forest region for rodent control.

Key words: New afforestation, Secondary forest, Rodent control, Type C botulinum toxin


目的 立足于我国北方区域性新造林、次生林的不同森林立地条件下, 探讨林区鼠害控制标准。方法 在蛮汉山林场新造林地和次生林地各选择3块样地, 采用毒饵盒法连续3 d调查毒饵取食情况, 之后采用夹日法在所选样地连续捕获4 d, 计算鼠的捕获率;同时在新造林地和次生林地再分别选择3块样地作为对照区, 调查对照区啮齿动物的群落组成及数量。根据灭鼠前后捕获率变化情况计算防治效果。结果 在蛮汉山林区, 新造林地长尾仓鼠为优势种;次生林地大林姬鼠为优势种。应用PVC毒饵盒以C型肉毒素为毒饵进行林区鼠害防治后, 防治区害鼠密度显著低于对照区(F=6.46, P<0.05)。结论 C型肉毒素在2块林地均具有较好的适口性和防治效果, 可在林区灭鼠中推广应用。

关键词: 新造林, 次生林, 鼠害防治, C型肉毒素

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