中国媒介生物学及控制杂志 ›› 2020, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (4): 407-411.DOI: 10.11853/j.issn.1003.8280.2020.04.005

• 全国病媒生物监测专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

2019年全国蝇类监测报告

王雪霜, 吴海霞, 刘起勇   

  1. 中国疾病预防控制中心传染病预防控制所媒介生物控制室, 传染病预防控制国家重点实验室, 世界卫生组织媒介生物监测与管理合作中心, 北京 102206
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-30 出版日期:2020-08-20 发布日期:2020-08-20
  • 通讯作者: 刘起勇,Email:liuqiyong@icdc.cn
  • 作者简介:王雪霜,男,研究实习员,从事病媒生物监测及蝇类生物学和控制研究工作,Email:wangxueshuang@icdc.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中国疾病预防控制中心传染病预防控制所公共卫生突发应急反应机制运行项目(131031102000180007)

National surveillance report on flies in China, 2019

WANG Xue-shuang, WU Hai-xia, LIU Qi-yong   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, WHO Collaborating Centre for Vector Surveillance and Management, National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China
  • Received:2020-04-30 Online:2020-08-20 Published:2020-08-20
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the Emergency Response Mechanism Operation Program, National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (No.131031102000180007)

摘要: 目的 了解我国2019年住区蝇类的发生情况,为可持续防控提供参考。方法 整理2019年我国蝇类监测笼诱法捕获的蝇类数据,分析各蝇种在不同生境、不同省份的密度分布及消长规律,采用描述性方法进行统计分析。结果 2019年捕获蝇类密度较高的依次为家蝇、丝光绿蝇、麻蝇和厩腐蝇,密度分别为1.31、0.83、0.82和0.53只/笼;农贸市场蝇类总密度最高,为5.78只/笼;蝇类总密度高峰发生在6-8月,优势蝇种中,家蝇、丝光绿蝇和麻蝇的消长趋势与蝇类总密度趋势相似。结论 2019年蝇类监测数据表明,家蝇仍是我国住区蝇类优势蝇种,其高峰期为6-8月,以农贸市场危害最严重。

关键词: 蝇类, 监测, 构成比, 生境, 消长

Abstract: Objective To investigate the infestation of flies in residential areas in China, 2019, and to provide a reference for sustainable fly control. Methods The data of flies captured by the cage trapping method were collected from the national fly surveillance system in China, 2019, and the density and seasonal fluctuation of various fly species were compared between different habitats or provinces. Descriptive methods were used for statistical analysis. Results Among the fly species captured in 2019, Musca domestica (1.31 flies/cage), Lucilia sericata (0.83 flies/cage), species from Sarcophagidae (0.82 flies/cage), and Muscina stabulans (0.53 flies/cage) had the highest densities. Farmers' markets had the highest total fly density (5.78 flies/cage). The peak of total fly density occurred from June to August. Among the dominant fly species, M. domestica, L. sericata, and species from Sarcophagidae had similar seasonal fluctuation trends to that of the total fly density. Conclusion The fly surveillance data in 2019 suggest that M. domestica is still the dominant fly species in residential areas in China, with its peak period in June to August, and the most affected habitat is farmers' market.

Key words: Fly, Surveillance, Composition ratio, Habitat, Seasonal fluctuation

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