Chines Journal of Vector Biology and Control ›› 2021, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (4): 385-389.DOI: 10.11853/j.issn.1003.8280.2021.04.001

• Expert Forum •     Next Articles

Molecular mystery of the “Little Mighty” cockroach

DU Er-xia1,2, LI Sheng1,2   

  1. 1. Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Insect Developmental Biology and Applied Technology, Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Insect Development Regulation and Application Research, Institute of Insect Science and Technology, School of Life Sciences, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510631, China;
    2. Guangmeiyuan R&D Center, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Insect Developmental Biology and Applied Technology, South China Normal University, Meizhou, Guangdong 514779, China
  • Received:2021-05-17 Online:2021-08-20 Published:2021-08-20
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31930014,31620103917) and Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province of China (No. 2021A515011363)


都二霞1,2, 李胜1,2   

  1. 1. 华南师范大学生命科学学院昆虫科学与技术研究所, 广东省昆虫发育生物学与应用技术重点实验室, 广州市昆虫发育与应用技术重点实验室, 广东 广州 510631;
    2. 梅州市华师昆虫发育生物学与应用技术重点实验室
  • 通讯作者: 李胜,二级教授,
  • 作者简介:都二霞,女,副研究员,主要从事昆虫发育生物学研究,
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Cockroaches, commonly known as “Little Mighty”, appeared on the earth about 350 million years ago and are one of the oldest insect groups. Due to their strong adaptability and reproductive capacity and the fact that they carry a variety of pathogens, they are one of global sanitary pests and seriously affect human life and health. This article summarizes the biological and life processes of cockroaches from the following four aspects: food detoxification and symbiotic microorganisms, innate immunity, growth and reproduction, and limb regeneration, and reveals the scientific mystery why cockroaches are called “Little Mighty” at the molecular level, so as to provide a theoretical basis for integrated control of cockroaches.

Key words: Cockroach, Adaptability, Molecular mechanism, Control

摘要: 蟑螂又名蜚蠊,俗称“小强”,约3.5亿年前已在地球上出现,是最古老的昆虫类群之一。蟑螂具有强大的适应力和繁殖力,且携带大量病原体,是世界性卫生害虫之一,严重影响了人类的生活和健康。该文从食性解毒及共生微生物、天然免疫、生长繁殖、断肢再生4个研究方向对其生物学及生命过程进行概括总结,从分子水平揭示其为“小强”的科学奥秘,以期为害虫综合防治提供理论依据。

关键词: 蟑螂, 适应性, 分子机制, 防治

CLC Number: