Chines Journal of Vector Biology and Control ›› 2019, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (3): 306-310.DOI: 10.11853/j.issn.1003.8280.2019.03.017

• Original Reports • Previous Articles     Next Articles

An investigation of vector breeding sites in and around rural courtyards in Shanxi, China, during 2011-2017

DAI Pei-fang, ZHAO Jun-ying, TIAN Xiao-dong, CHENG Jing-xia   

  1. Shanxi Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Taiyuan 030012, Shanxi Province, China
  • Received:2018-12-26 Online:2019-06-20 Published:2019-06-20


代培芳, 赵俊英, 田晓东, 程璟侠   

  1. 山西省疾病预防控制中心病媒生物防控科, 山西 太原 030012
  • 通讯作者: 程璟侠,
  • 作者简介:代培芳,女,主管技师,主要从事病媒生物防控工作,

Abstract: Objective To investigate vector breeding sites in and around rural courtyards in Shanxi province, China, and to provide a basis for early warning, prevention, and control of rural vector-borne diseases. Methods Excel 2010 and SPSS 17.0 software were used to perform statistical summarizations and one-way analysis of variance of the investigation data of vector breeding sites in and around 100 rural courtyards in 20 villages in 5 townships in each of the 36 investigated counties in 11 cities in Shanxi province from 2011 to 2017. Results From 2011 to 2017, among the 9 types of vector breeding sites in and around rural courtyards across the province, the proportions of aqua privies and flushing toilets; firewood haystacks; garbage dumps; homes for cows, horses, and sheep; homes for chickens, ducks, and geese; pigsties; sewage ditches; stagnant water pools; and salvage stations were 70.80%, 32.18%, 29.36%, 12.68%, 13.57%, 8.41%, 5.49%, 0.75%, and 0.36%, respectively. There were no significant differences in the annual proportion between the above 9 types of vector breeding sites (except for homes for chickens, ducks, and geese) in and around the rural courtyards (P>0.05), but a significant difference was observed in the proportion of poultry homes between 2012 and 2015 (F=1.492, P=0.005). There were significant differences between 11 cities in the proportion of all types of vector breeding sites (P<0.05). Conclusion The types and distribution of vector breeding sites in and around the rural courtyards in Shanxi province were complex. It is necessary to take some effective measures to prevent and control vector-borne diseases, which include refining the rural living environment, increasing the awareness of disease prevention among the inhabitants, improving their hygienic habits, and reducing the number of and even eliminating vector breeding sites.

Key words: Rural household, Vector, Breeding site, Investigation

摘要: 目的 了解山西省农户庭院及周围病媒生物孳生地状况,为农村病媒生物性疾病预警防控提供依据。方法 应用Excel 2010及SPSS 17.0软件对2011-2017年山西省11个市36个调查县每年度5个乡镇20个村100户农户庭院及周围病媒生物孳生地调查数据进行统计和单因素方差分析。结果 2011-2017年,全省农户庭院及周围9类病媒生物孳生地中,有水旱厕所的占70.80%,有柴草垛的占32.18%,有垃圾点的占29.36%,有牛马羊圈、鸡鸭鹅圈、猪圈的分别占12.68%、13.57%和8.41%,有污水沟、死水池、废品点的占5.49%、0.75%和0.36%。农户庭院及周围水旱厕所、柴草垛、垃圾点、牛马羊圈、猪圈、污水沟、死水池、废品点年度所占比例差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。2012年与2015年家禽圈所占比例差异有统计学意义(F=1.492,P=0.005)。各类型病媒生物孳生地在11个市间比例差异有统计学意义(P<05)。结论山西省农户庭院及周围病媒生物孳生地种类及分布复杂。改善农村人居环境,提高居民防病意识,改善其卫生习惯,减少并清除病媒生物孳生地是病媒生物性疾病防控的有效手段。

关键词: 农户, 病媒生物, 孳生地, 调查

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