Chines Journal of Vector Biology and Control ›› 2020, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): 619-622.DOI: 10.11853/j.issn.1003.8280.2020.05.024

• Investigation • Previous Articles     Next Articles

An investigation of current status and influencing factors of animal-induced injuries in permanent residents in Mentougou district, Beijing, China

ZHOU Bing1, CAO Dian-qi1, FU Hui-ying1, LIU Yuan1, SHI Wen-jing1, PENG Su-biao2   

  1. 1 Mentougou Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Beijing, Beijing 102300, China;
    2 Dongcheng Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Beijing
  • Received:2020-04-16 Online:2020-10-20 Published:2020-10-20


周冰1, 曹殿起1, 付慧英1, 刘缘1, 史文静1, 彭素标2   

  1. 1 北京市门头沟区疾病预防控制中心计划免疫科, 北京 102300;
    2 北京市东城区疾病预防控制中心, 北京 100009
  • 作者简介:周冰,女,硕士,副主任医师,主要从事计划免疫与传染病防控研究工作,

Abstract: Objective To investigate the current status of animal-induced injuries in permanent residents in Mentougou district, Beijing, China, and to provide a scientific basis for formulating prevention and control strategies against animal-related infectious diseases and reducing animal-induced injuries. Methods From February to August 2018, stratified sampling was used to randomly select 620 persons from 620 households (one person from each household) in three townships randomly selected from Mentougou district. The selected persons were surveyed using a self-designed questionnaire. SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis, descriptive statistical method was used for describing the current status of animal-induced injuries, chi-square test was used for rate comparison, and logistic regression was used for analysis of influencing factors. Results A total of 596 usable questionnaires were collected, with an overall response rate of 96.13%. One hundred and forty-six people (24.50%) had animal-induced injuries. The logistic regression analysis showed that people were more likely to have animal-induced injuries if they had a pet at home, lived in a bungalow, had a child in the family, were non-native residents, had a low income, or had a low education level. Among the 146 people injured by animals, 135 (92.47%) were injured by pets and 11 (7.53%) by ownerless animals; 105 people (71.92%) were injured by dogs and 40 (27.40%) by cats. Only 111 people were vaccinated after injury, accounting for 76.03% of the total number of people injured. Conclusion It is very common for residents in Mentougou district to be injured by animals, particularly by pets. In the future, animal-induced injuries should be reduced by taking comprehensive prevention and control measures such as reinforcing education, strengthening pet management, and improving animal immunization rate.

Key words: Animal-induced injury, Rabies, Influencing factor, Countermeasure

摘要: 目的 了解北京市门头沟区常住居民动物伤害现状,为制定动物相关传染病防控策略、减少动物伤害提供科学依据。方法 2018年2-8月,采取分层抽样的方式,随机抽取门头沟区3个乡镇,从3个乡镇中随机抽取620户家庭,每个家庭由1人参与调查,使用自主编制的调查问卷。统计分析使用SPSS 22.0软件,动物伤害现状采用描述性统计方法,率的比较采用χ2检验,影响因素分析采用logistic回归。结果 收回有效问卷596份,总有效率为96.13%。146人曾经被动物致伤,占24.50%。Logistic回归分析结果显示,家中饲养宠物、住平房、家中有儿童、外地户籍、收入低和文化程度低的人被动物致伤的比例更高。被动物致伤的146人中,135人被宠物致伤,占92.47%;11人被无主动物致伤,占7.53%;105人被犬致伤,占71.92%;40人被猫致伤,占27.40%。仅111人被动物致伤后接种了疫苗,占致伤总人数的76.03%。结论 门头沟区常住居民受动物伤害较频繁,且主要被宠物伤害。今后应采取提高宣传力度、加强动物管理、提高动物免疫率等综合防控措施来减少动物伤害。

关键词: 动物伤害, 狂犬病, 影响因素, 对策

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