Chines Journal of Vector Biology and Control ›› 2021, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (2): 121-126.DOI: 10.11853/j.issn.1003.8280.2021.02.001

• Expert Forum •     Next Articles

Advances in the research and application of disease vector tropism

XIN Zheng1, MA Hong-wei2, WANG Dong1, ZHANG Xiao1   

  1. 1. Department of Disinfection and Vector Control, Ji'nan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Ji'nan, Shandong 250021, China;
    2. Ji'nan Office of Patriotic Health Campaign Committee, Ji'nan, Shandong 250021, China
  • Received:2020-01-04 Online:2021-04-20 Published:2021-04-20


辛正1, 马红薇2, 王东1, 张晓1   

  1. 1. 济南市疾病预防控制中心消毒与病媒生物防制所, 山东 济南 250021;
    2. 济南市爱国卫生运动委员会办公室, 山东 济南 250021
  • 作者简介:辛正,男,硕士,主任医师,主要从事病媒生物控制研究工作,

Abstract: Phototaxis, chromatics tropism, and chemotaxis are the main behavioral characteristics of disease vectors and play important roles in the life activities of vectors. At present, induced killing and repelling techniques based on tropism have been widely used in vector monitoring and control. With in-depth studies on tropism in recent years, various technologies are gradually improved and optimized and are developing along the direction of high efficiency, strong specificity, and environmental protection. This article reviews the data on the research and application of vector tropism published in the recent 20 years, summarizes the research advances in common tropisms of vectors and their application in the control of vectors such as mosquitoes, flies, rodents, and cockroaches, and points out current problems and shortcomings and the future prospects and directions of tropism research, in order to provide a reference for better application of vector tropism in prevention and control.

Key words: Vector, Tropism, Research and application

摘要: 病媒生物的趋光性、趋色性和趋化性是其最重要的行为特征之一,在病媒生物生命活动中起着重要作用。目前,基于趋性的诱杀和驱避技术已被广泛地应用于病媒生物的监测和防制工作中。近年来,随着趋性研究的不断深入,各项技术逐步得到改进和优化,沿着高效、专一、绿色环保的方向发展。该文主要综述了近20年来公开发表的病媒生物趋性研究和应用的资料,汇总分析了病媒生物常见趋性研究的进展,以及在蚊、蝇、鼠、蜚蠊等防制中的现场应用情况,提出了目前存在的问题和不足,以及趋性研究的前景和方向,旨在为更好地利用病媒生物的趋性防控技术服务于社会提供参考与借鉴。

关键词: 病媒生物, 趋性, 研究与应用

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