Chines Journal of Vector Biology and Control ›› 2015, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (4): 383-387.DOI: 10.11853/j.issn.1003.4692.2015.04.014

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Investigation and analysis on vector infestation status of 10 five-star hotels in Huangpu district before the CICA-Summit in Shanghai

GAO Qiang1,2, CAO Hui1, DING Zhi-wei1, XU Kang1, LIANG Bi-yun1, LENG Pei-en3   

  1. 1 Vector Control Department, Huangpu Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai 200023, China;
    2 Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China;
    3 Shanghai Center for Disease Control and Prevention
  • Received:2015-04-27 Online:2015-08-20 Published:2015-08-20


高强1,2, 曹晖1, 丁志伟1, 徐康1, 梁必匀1, 冷培恩3   

  1. 1上海市黄浦区疾病预防控制中心病媒生物防治科, 上海200023;
    2 复旦大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室, 上海200032;
    3 上海市疾病预防控制中心
  • 作者简介:高强,男,博士在读,主要从事流行病学及病媒生物防治工作,Email:


Objective To learn the vector infestation status in five-star Hotels of Huangpu district before the CICA- Summit, and to provide scientific justification for vector prevention and control. Methods Randomly selecting 10 five-star hotels responsible for CICA-summit reception,the vector infestation status in these hotels were investigated in visual method and evaluated according to the Shanghai Local Standards. Results The failure rate of rodent control in 10 hotels was 40% and 10% (4 and 1) respectively in the two rounds of survey. There was significant improvement after the first round feedback, the positive rate decreased significantly (1.24% vs. 0.38%, P=0.048) and the pass rate of rodents was improved significantly (97.19% vs. 99.10%, P=0.006). The cockroach control failure rate was 40.00% and 50.00%, respectively, the positive rate also decreased significantly after the first round feedback (1.87% vs. 0.74%, χ2=3.942, P= 0.047). The positive mosquito breeding sites was found in individual underground garage wells. No obvious fly and bedbug infestations were found in the two rounds of survey. Conclusion Five-star hotels vector infestation were found mainly in the kitchen, food storage and processing rooms, laundry rooms and other non-public areas, mice and cockroaches were the predominant vector for infestation, which may be attributed to the hotels'complex environment and management deficiencies. Appropriate pest proof measures, specific supervision, modifications and improvement in the star hotel standards were advisable.

Key words: Five-star hotels, Vector infestation, CICA-Summit, Shanghai downtown


目的 掌握上海市黄浦区五星级宾馆病媒侵害情况,为防治提供科学依据和指导,为亚信峰会顺利召开提供保障。方法 选择黄浦区负责亚信峰会接待的五星级宾馆酒店10家,以目测法进行病媒侵害调查,同时以上海市地标进行评价。结果 鼠侵害两轮调查分别有40%和10%(4家和1家)存在鼠害控制不合格现象,但经过第一轮调查反馈后情况显著改善,阳性率显著下降(1.24% vs. 0.38%,P=0.048),防鼠设施合格率显著提高(97.19% vs.99.10%,P=0.006);两轮调查中蜚蠊侵害不合格率分别为40.00%和50.00%,整体阳性率亦呈显著下降趋势(1.87% vs. 0.74%,χ2=3.942,P=0.047);蚊虫方面,在地下车库集水井中发现存在阳性孳生;蝇、臭虫侵害未发现明显不合格现象。结论 本次调查反映出五星级宾馆的病媒侵害问题主要集中在厨房、食品间、洗衣间等非公共区域,且主要的病媒侵害类型为鼠及蜚蠊,分析原因主要与宾馆复杂的环境及管理层重视程度不够有关;建议采取合理的防灭措施,同时需要修订及完善星级宾馆病媒侵害标准及加强监督。

关键词: 五星级宾馆, 病媒侵害, 亚信峰会, 中心城区

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