Chinese Journal of Vector Biology and Control ›› 2022, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (1): 89-93.DOI: 10.11853/j.issn.1003.8280.2022.01.016

• Vector Surveillance • Previous Articles     Next Articles

An analysis of surveillance results for small rodents in natural plague foci of Hebei province, China, 1990-2020

CHEN Yong-ming1, KANG Dong-mei1, YAN Ping2, YANG Shun-lin1, BAI Xue-wei1, ZHOU Song1, WANG Hai-feng1, ZHENG Nan1, DU Guo-yi1, CHEN Kai-le1   

  1. 1. Anti-plague Institute of Hebei Province, Zhangjiakou, Hebei 075000, China;
    2. Zhangjiakou City Endemic Disease Prevention and Control Center, Zhangjiakou, Hebei 075000, China
  • Received:2021-04-13 Online:2022-02-20 Published:2022-02-17
  • Supported by:
    Hebei 2020 Medical Science Research Project Plan(No. 20200025); Hebei 2021 Medical Science Research Project Plan (No. 20210359); Chinese Academy of Sciences Science and Technology Service Network Project (No. KFJ-STS-ZDTP-2021-002-01-03)


陈永明1, 康东梅1, 闫萍2, 杨顺林1, 白雪薇1, 周松1, 王海峰1, 郑楠1, 杜国义1, 陈凯乐1   

  1. 1. 河北省鼠疫防治所业务科, 河北张家口 075000;
    2. 张家口市地方病防治所, 河北 张家口 075000
  • 通讯作者: 康东梅,
  • 作者简介:陈永明,男,副主任医师,主要从事鼠疫防控工作,
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Objective To investigate the changes in species composition and number of small rodents in natural plague foci of Hebei province, China, from 1990 to 2020, and to provide a basis for the prediction and early warning of animal epidemics in the plague foci. Methods Excel 2010 software was used to summarize and count the monthly and annual surveillance data on small rodents, and the concentration degree method was used to analyze the seasonal distribution of small rodents. Results From 1990 to 2020, a total of 112 205 clamps were placed and 1 322 rodents were caught, with a mean capture rate of 1.18%. The highest capture rate (2.30%) occurred in the year 2019, followed by the year 2004 (2.20%), and the lowest capture rate (0.41%) occurred in the year 2000. There were 9 years (1990, 1999, 2004, 2012-2016, and 2019) when the capture rate was higher than the mean value. A total of 11 species of rodents were captured, belonging to 8 genera and 4 families, among which Cricetulus barabensis (63.31%) was the dominant species. The highest number of small rodent species (8 species) was observed in 2014, and the fewest (1 species) in 1991. The number of small rodents were distributed evenly throughout the year (M=0.13), and the months with relative high numbers were June (247/1 322, 18.68%), July (259/1 322, 19.59%), and October (250/1 322, 18.91%). The interannual distribution of the number of the dominant species, C. barabensis, had been consistent with that of small rodents, with the highest number seen in 2019. The number distribution of C. barabensis showed seasonality (M=0.30) and the number was relatively high in summer and autumn, with the highest number in October (0.98%), followed by July (0.82%), June (0.71%), and November (0.71%). Conclusion The species number of small rodents has a rising tendency, with rich species composition. The significant influence of the changing trend in the small rodent species on rodent epidemic outbreaks and spread should be highlighted.

Key words: Plague, Natural foci, Meriones unguiculatus, Hebei province

摘要: 目的 了解河北省鼠疫自然疫源地1990-2020年小型鼠种类构成和数量变化规律,为疫源地动物疫情的预测预警提供依据。方法 应用Excel 2010软件对小型鼠调查数据进行总结和逐年逐月统计,运用集中度法对小型鼠季节分布特征进行分析。结果 1990-2020年共计布夹112 205夹次,捕鼠1 322只,平均捕获率为1.18%,其中2019年捕获率最高(2.30%),其次是2004年(2.20%),2000年捕获率最低(0.41%),高于平均捕获率的有9个年份,即1990、1999、2004、2012-2016和2019年;共捕获11种鼠类,隶属于4科8属,其中以黑线仓鼠最多,占63.31%,为优势鼠种;2014年捕获小型鼠的种类最多,为8种,1991年最少,仅有1种。小型鼠数量在全年分布较均匀(M=0.13),相对数量较多的是6月(247/1 322,18.68%)、7月(259/1 322,19.59%)和10月(250/1 322,18.91%);优势鼠种黑线仓鼠数量年际分布与小型鼠分布基本一致,最高年份均为2019年,数量分布有一定的季节性(M=0.30),捕获率夏秋季相对较高,最高的月份是10月(0.98%),其次是7月(0.82%),再次是6月(0.71%)和11月(0.71%)。结论 小型鼠的种类数量有上升趋势,种类构成丰富,应警惕其种类变化对鼠间疫情流行和传播带来的重要影响。

关键词: 鼠疫, 自然疫源地, 长爪沙鼠, 河北省

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