Chinese Journal of Vector Biology and Control ›› 2021, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (5): 519-525.DOI: 10.11853/j.issn.1003.8280.2021.05.003

Special Issue: 疟疾专题

• Malaria Prevention and Control Special Topics • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research progress of the genus Anopheles of mosquitoes in China

FU Wen-bo, YAN Zhen-tian, GUO Jing, CHEN Bin   

  1. Chongqing Key Laboratory of Vector Insects, Institute of Entomology and Molecular Biology, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 401331, China
  • Received:2021-07-22 Online:2021-10-20 Published:2021-10-20
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31872262, 31672363), National Key Program of Science and Technology Foundation Work of China (No. 2015FY210300) and the Science and Technology Research Project of Chongqing Municipal Education Commission (No. KJQN202000504)


付文博, 闫振天, 郭静, 陈斌   

  1. 重庆师范大学昆虫与分子生物学研究所, 媒介昆虫重庆重点实验室, 重庆 401331
  • 通讯作者: 陈斌,
  • 作者简介:付文博,男,高级实验师,主要从事蚊虫分类学研究,
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: The mosquitoes in the genus Anopheles are important disease vector, with 8 subgenera and 480 species known worldwide and 2 subgenera and 62 species in China, and are the unique genus of human malaria vector. The malaria still kills hundreds of thousands of people worldwide each year, with most of them being children under the age of five. China has made a decisive achievement in malaria control, and announced the elimination of local malaria transmission in China. The achievement has been granted by World Health Organization; however there are still imported cases every year. The elimination of malaria stems from effective vector control, as well as basic and applied scientific research relate Anopheles. With the change of climate and environment, the main malaria transmission vector species and their biological and ecological features are also potentially changing, and the surveillance and control of vectors remain an important issue that needs attention. In this paper, the taxonomic and phylogenetic studies of Anopheles, the ecology and transmission capability of the major malaria vectors, and the surveillance and control of Anopheles in China are reviewed, in order to provide a useful reference for the control of vector mosquitoes and related infectious diseases.

Key words: China, Anopheles, Malaria, Research status

摘要: 按蚊属蚊虫是重要媒介生物,全球已记录8亚属480种,我国已知2亚属62种,是人类疟疾的唯一传播媒介。全球疟疾每年仍致数十万人死亡,多为5岁以下儿童。我国在疟疾控制上取得了重大成效,已消除本地疟疾的传播,获得了世界卫生组织认证,但每年仍有境外输入病例。疟疾的消除得力于有效的媒介按蚊控制措施,也得力于相关的基础和应用科学研究。随着气候和环境变化,主要传疟种类及其生物生态学特征也在发生变化,媒介的监测和控制仍是需要关注的问题。该文概述了我国按蚊属蚊虫的分类和系统发育研究、主要传疟媒介的生态习性及传疟能量、监测和控制现状,为加强媒介蚊虫及其传染病的控制提供参考。

关键词: 中国, 按蚊属, 疟疾, 研究现状

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