Chines Journal of Vector Biology and Control ›› 2016, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (6): 573-576.DOI: 10.11853/j.issn.1003.8280.2016.06.012

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Study on the gadfly in Qinghai province (Diptera: Tabanidae)

HE Jing1, LIU Zeng-jia2, XU Hong-jiang1   

  1. 1. College of Forestry, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, Gansu Province, China;
    2. Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Lanzhou Military Command
  • Received:2016-08-15 Online:2016-12-20 Published:2016-12-20


何静1, 刘增加2, 徐宏江1   

  1. 1. 甘肃农业大学林学院, 兰州 730070;
    2. 兰州军区疾病预防控制中心, 兰州 730020
  • 作者简介:何静,女,副教授,主要从事病媒昆虫生物学、植物有害生物防治研究,


Objective To investigate the species, geographical distribution and activity of Diptera, Tabanidae of Qinghai province, China, and provide scientific basis for Qinghai province to control the harm of the Tabanidae. Methods Capturing with nets, trapping tent luring with person or livestock and device were used to collect Tabanidae, with related references collected in 2014-2015. Results In total 31 species of 5 genera of Tabanidae were obtained. The percentages were Chrysops and Tabanus 12.90%(4/31), Hybomitra 54.84%(17/31). Geographical distribution for most of these insects, especially of Chrysops, Haematopota, Hybomitra and Tabanus were in the south of Qinghai plateau; Atylotus and Hybomitra were found in the southern mountainous where Atylous misers were predominant species; Hybomitra and Atylotus were collected in the Qaidam Basin where H. zaitzevi were predominant species. Ecological habit H. zaitzevi Olsufjev of Geermu showed activities from June to September, peak in July. They usually fly from 09:00 to 20:00. The peak of their activities was during 15:00-18:00 and reached the maximum in about 17:00 every single day. Conclusion There are relatively abundant species of Tabanidae in Qinghai and they are widely distributed in the province, H. zaitzevi is predominant species, the activity peak of it is in July.

Key words: Diptera, Tabanidae, Qinghai


目的 调查青海省虻科昆虫的种类、分布及活动规律,为青海地区防治虻害提供科学依据。方法 2014-2015年采用网捕法、诱虻器诱捕法、畜诱法和人帐诱捕法,在青海省各虻科地理分布区采集虻,并收集相关文献。结果 共捕获双翅目虻科5属31种,其中瘤虻属种类最多,占捕获总数的54.84%(17/31),斑虻属和虻属次之,各占12.90%(4/31)。青南高原分布种类较多,有斑虻、麻虻、瘤虻和虻属;黄虻和瘤虻属主要分布于北部山地,骚扰黄虻是该地区的优势种;瘤虻和黄虻属主要分布于柴达木盆地,其中寨氏瘤虻为优势种。格尔木地区寨氏瘤虻在6-9月活动,7月为全年活动高峰期;每日09:00-20:00均见有虻活动,全天活动高峰期在15:00-18:00,最高峰出现在17:00左右。结论 虻科昆虫在青海省的分布广泛,种类较多,优势种寨氏瘤虻以夏季7月为活动高峰期。

关键词: 双翅目, 虻科, 青海

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